Endgame â€“ Samuel Beckett
**Please assign same writer from previous order #686951**
4 separate class discussion posts (#9, #10, #11, #12):
Discussion Post #9
Beckettâ€™s One-act play, Endgame, begins at the end:
â€œClov: Finished, itâ€™s finished, nearly finished, it must be nearly finished.â€
This first line is a direct allusion to the words of Jesus as he gives up his â€œghostâ€ at the crucifixion. Throughout the play, Clov and Hamm play the roles assigned to them, leaving the viewer of the play to try and grasp their dilemma. But the symbolism is so obvious that audiences often have a hard time recognizing the seriousness of the business at hand. The post-Modern audiences (thatâ€™s us) often laugh it off as an â€œabsurdistâ€ play, something more akin to what they understand as comedy today (think The Big Labowski, Fargo, The Grand Budapest Hotel, Stepbrothers).
But in the lines, there is a great debate going on. Hamm (representing God? Our consciousness? The mind speaking to the consciousness represented by Clov?) begins his â€œdayâ€ debating whether itâ€™s time to â€œendâ€: â€œAnd yet I hesitate, I hesitate to . . . to end. Yes, there it is, itâ€™s time it ended and yet I hesitate toâ€“â€
What exactly are we talking about ending here? Life? And if soâ€“whose life? What life? One life that ends early in the play is that of Nell, Hammâ€™s â€œmother.â€ After listening once more to Naggâ€™s tale and â€œsilencedâ€ by Hamm, she speaks her last words: â€œYou could see down to the bottom,â€ â€œWhite,â€ and â€œDesertâ€ as Clov presses her back into her place and announces: â€œShe has no pulse.â€
Getting â€œdown to the bottom of thingsâ€ is a way of understanding the truth of a thing. And virtue is often represented by white (white dove, white wedding gowns, the bright white light of the halo).
1. So how do we read the symbolism of Nellâ€™s use of â€œDesertâ€ here as her last word?
2. And seeing Nell as a representative of mother (mother nature?), what is her relationship to the other characters?
3. And where does she fit into their search for a reason to â€œgo onâ€?
Discussion Post #10
The failure of words to save us from the horrifying realization that there may not be any good answer to those greatest of all questions is one of the main themes of Beckett plays. Silence, it seems, is where weâ€™re headedâ€“yet we canâ€™t stop. We keep telling the stories, over and over, â€œGrain upon grain, one by one, and one day, suddenly, thereâ€™s a heap, a little heap, the impossible heap,â€ of words. Words that, in and of themselves, have no intrinsic meaning. Words that utterly fail us in the desire to find the â€œtruth.â€And no matter what you may think of Hammâ€™s seeming utterly ugly, mean spirit, he says to the â€œyoungerâ€ Clov: â€œOne day youâ€™ll be blind, like me. Youâ€™ll be sitting there, a speck in the void, in the dark, for ever, like me.â€ Pause (silence). Then later, Clov, in exasperation, says to Hammâ€™s query â€œYesterday! What does that mean? Yesterday!â€
Clov: That means that bloody awful day, long ago, before this bloody awful day. I use the words you taught me. If they donâ€™t mean anything any more, teach me others. Or let me be silent.â€
This need for silenceâ€“for the quietness of mind, the escape from the questions that wonâ€™t stop, but that will seemingly never be answered, is at the center of the late-Modern dilemma.
1. Compare and contrast this Beckettian late-Modern anxiety to our own post-Modern solution that seems awash in mass media, social media (Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, etc.), where information overload and the constant narcissistic, self-referential communication is our response to the dilemma.
Discussion Post #11
As we move to the play, we are constantly reminded of the looming â€œend.â€ On page 50, Hamm repeats Clovâ€™s opening line: â€œItâ€™s finished, weâ€™re finished. (Pause) Nearly finished. (Pause) Thereâ€™ll be no more speech.â€ Followed by â€œSomething dripping in my head.â€ And then, he goes on with another storyâ€“which he doesnâ€™t finish. The story we constantly tell ourselves, but can never complete.
And despite such an unhappy predicament, Hamm and Clov seem to have a true affection that shines through, here and there (for how can you hate yourself if you are going on?). But there is grief, mostly. â€œYou weep, and weep, for nothing, so as not to laugh, and little by little . . . you begin to grieve.â€
1. How do we grieve our current post-Modern circumstance?
2. Or, if we donâ€™t grieve, is it because weâ€™ve new answersâ€“or have we decided to ignore those same questions that have â€œnaggedâ€ us for centuries?
3. And, if we have decided to ignore those questions, then what does that ignorance say about our â€œhumanityâ€?
Discussion Post #12
As we move (finally?) to the end of the Endgame, and look back at where weâ€™ve come from, we see that Hamm and Clov have really been discussing/debating/arguing the history of the philosophy of humanismâ€“the almost evolutionary path from God to rationality, nature, science, psychology, etc.
Some might argue, though, that this kind of debate/argument/study of the human condition only leads us (maybe inevitably) to a mere nihilistic endâ€“to the belief that thereâ€™s really nothing to believe in (at least when we approach the question logically). And if so, then what are we to do about ethicsâ€“questions of right and wrong?
Why, for example as Eric Dobson proposes in Nihilism Reconsidered, should we treat each other well? In other words, if one accepts the nihilistic premise, is these any way to live an ethical life, or are we each saddled with the false hope that there is such a thing as right and wrong, good and evil, but weâ€™ll never really know for sure.
But even in the stripped-down, barren world of the Endgame, we might still find some evidence of ethical behavior in the action and thoughts of the characters.
With this in mind, identify scenes and passages from the play that show us evidence of these ethical, humanistic qualities:
1. compassion for our fellows
2. living more fully in the present
3. letting go of desires/possessions
4. courage to change
Our Service Charter
Excellent Quality / 100% Plagiarism-FreeWe employ a number of measures to ensure top quality essays. The papers go through a system of quality control prior to delivery. We run plagiarism checks on each paper to ensure that they will be 100% plagiarism-free. So, only clean copies hit customers’ emails. We also never resell the papers completed by our writers. So, once it is checked using a plagiarism checker, the paper will be unique. Speaking of the academic writing standards, we will stick to the assignment brief given by the customer and assign the perfect writer. By saying “the perfect writer” we mean the one having an academic degree in the customer’s study field and positive feedback from other customers.
Free RevisionsWe keep the quality bar of all papers high. But in case you need some extra brilliance to the paper, here’s what to do. First of all, you can choose a top writer. It means that we will assign an expert with a degree in your subject. And secondly, you can rely on our editing services. Our editors will revise your papers, checking whether or not they comply with high standards of academic writing. In addition, editing entails adjusting content if it’s off the topic, adding more sources, refining the language style, and making sure the referencing style is followed.
Confidentiality / 100% No DisclosureWe make sure that clients’ personal data remains confidential and is not exploited for any purposes beyond those related to our services. We only ask you to provide us with the information that is required to produce the paper according to your writing needs. Please note that the payment info is protected as well. Feel free to refer to the support team for more information about our payment methods. The fact that you used our service is kept secret due to the advanced security standards. So, you can be sure that no one will find out that you got a paper from our writing service.
Money Back GuaranteeIf the writer doesn’t address all the questions on your assignment brief or the delivered paper appears to be off the topic, you can ask for a refund. Or, if it is applicable, you can opt in for free revision within 14-30 days, depending on your paper’s length. The revision or refund request should be sent within 14 days after delivery. The customer gets 100% money-back in case they haven't downloaded the paper. All approved refunds will be returned to the customer’s credit card or Bonus Balance in a form of store credit. Take a note that we will send an extra compensation if the customers goes with a store credit.
24/7 Customer SupportWe have a support team working 24/7 ready to give your issue concerning the order their immediate attention. If you have any questions about the ordering process, communication with the writer, payment options, feel free to join live chat. Be sure to get a fast response. They can also give you the exact price quote, taking into account the timing, desired academic level of the paper, and the number of pages.