Interoperability and Standards
Technical standards play an essential role in the facilitation of health care information system interoperability, and there are a number of health informatics-focused organizationsâ€”both within the United States and on an international levelâ€”that work actively to coordinate and promote the adoption of these standards.
To complete this Application Assignment, write a 1- to 2-page paper that explains why technical standards are needed in the development and integration of health care information systems. Then, select a specific technical standard for health information technology and research the standard through a literature review. Be sure to identify the organization that supports the standard and explain the issues surrounding the standard and if the standard has changed.
Your written assignments must follow APA guidelines. Be sure to support your work with specific citations from this weekâ€™s Learning Resources and additional scholarly sources as appropriate.
Course Text: Handbook of Informatics for Nurses and Healthcare Professionals
Chapter 13, â€œSystem Integration and Interoperabilityâ€
This chapter in the text examines important issues related to systems integration and interoperability. It identifies key points for consideration during the integration process, including factors that can impede the process. It also discusses the important role that standards play in the integration process as well as the long term operability of systems.
Chapter 15, p. 298-306 and 314-319, â€œ The Role of Standardized Terminology and Language in Informaticsâ€
Chapter 17, â€œHealth Information Exchangesâ€
Course Text: Health Care Information Systems: A Practical Approach for Health Care Management
Chapter 10, p. 317-350, â€œHealth Care Information System Standardsâ€
Article: Goedert, J. (2009). Lesson from the HIE front. Organizations share lessons learned in the effort to develop health information exchanges and regional health information organizations. Health Data Management, 17(2), 28. Retrieved from the Walden Library databases.
Article: National Electrical Manufacturers Association. (2011). Digital imaging and communications in medicine (DICOM): Part 1: Introduction and Overview. Retrieved from http://medical.nema.org/Dicom/2011/11_01pu.pdf
Article: Wilson, P. S., & Scicholone, R.A. (2011). LOINC as a data standard. Journal of AHIMA, 82(7), 44-47. Retrieved from the Walden Library databases.
American National Standards Institute (ANSI)
ANSI is the administrator and coordinator of the voluntary standardization system for the private sector in the United States. ANSI accredits the procedures of standards developing organizations (SDOs) and facilitates the development of the American National Standards (ANS).
Connectivity in the 21st Century
Health Level Seven
HL7 provides standards for interoperability that improve care delivery, optimize workflow, and reduce ambiguity.
The Office of the National Coordinator for Health Inforamtion Technology
World Health Organization (WHO): International Classification of Diseases (ICD)
WHO is the authority for health within the United Nationsâ€™ system. The ICD is the international standard diagnostic classification for all general epidemiology, many health management purposes, and clinical use. This site provides an overview of the program as well as access to the classification system itself.
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