Rangachari, P. K., & Mierson, S. (1995). A checklist to help students analyze published articles in basic medical sciences. Advances in Physiology Education, 268(6 Pt 3), S21-5. (APA style)
APPENDIX: Critical Evaluation of a Published Paper (Rangachari, 1995, S24-S25)
The report should consist of a critical evaluation of the objectives of the study, the methods used, the results, and the conclusions. To help you, we have developed a checklist that follows closely the format of a scientific report, which is conventionally divided into the following sections: Introduction, Methods and Materials, Results, Discussion, a list of References, and a short Abstract or summary.
1.Â Â Â Did the authors indicate why the study was undertaken?
2.Â Â Â Was the background information provided adequate to undestand the aims of the study?
1)Â Â Â Were the methods described in sufficient detail for others to repeat or extend the study?
2)Â Â Â If standard methods were used, were adequate references given?
3)Â Â Â If methods were modified, were the modifications described carefully?
4)Â Â Â Have the authors indicated the reasons why particular procedures were used?
5)Â Â Â Have the authors indicated clearly the potential problems with the methods used?
6)Â Â Â Have the authors indicated the limitations of the methods used?
7)Â Â Â Have the sources of the drugs been given?
8)Â Â Â Have the authors specified the statistical procedures used?
9)Â Â Â Are the statistical methods used appropriate?
1)Â Â Â Were the experiments done appropriate with respect to objectives of the study?
2)Â Â Â Do the results obtained make sense?
3)Â Â Â Do the legends to the figures describe clearly the data obtained?
4)Â Â Â Are the data presented in tabular form clear?
5)Â Â Â Are the legends to the tables clear?
6)Â Â Â Has appropriate statistical analysis been performed on the data?
1)Â Â Â Were the objectives of the study met?
2)Â Â Â Do the authors discuss their results in relation to available information?
3)Â Â Â Do the authors indulge in needless speculation?
4)Â Â Â If the results obtained were statistically significant, were they also biologically significant?
5)Â Â Â If the objectives were not met, do the authors have any explanation?
6)Â Â Â Do the authors adequately interpret their data?
7)Â Â Â Do the authors discuss the limitations of the methods used?
8)Â Â Â Do the authors discuss only data presented or do they refer consistently to unpublished work?
1)Â Â Â Do the authors cite appropriate papers for comments made?
2)Â Â Â Do the authors cite their own publications needlessly?
1)Â Â Â Is the abstract intelligible?
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