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Relationship between Crime and Unemployment

Locate the draft of the 10 Strategic Points that you created in the preceding assignment I HAVE ATTACHED IT WITH NEW INSTRUCTION. PLAEASE, PLEASE READ CAREFULLY. I will not be able to do a revision.

Relationship between Crime and Unemployment
Name
Grand Canyon

Relationship between Crime and Unemployment
1. Topic: The topic of focus for this proposal would be: The relationship between crime and unemployment. This topic is derived from the field of Criminal Justice Psychology
2. Literature Review: The Literature review section gives an overview of the history, previous literature as well as study conducted on the on the links and relationship between crime and unemployment.
(a) Background of the problem
? MacDonald (2000) observed that the high employment rate is correlated with a significant decrease in the level of production as well as consumption. This implies that there are insufficient products in the market that can be stolen. Cantor and Land (1985) noted that conditions such as the presence of a suitable target and motivated offender are ideal for a crime to be committed.
? Dressler (2002) pointed out that most economists had used the unemployment rate for a long time as a measure of the number of legal job opportunities that are available to the legal practitioners since most of the unemployed population engage in crime and other vices that necessitate legal redress. Research has revealed that the opportunity cost of choosing crime over legitimate work is low. Besides, the availability of few job opportunities further worsens the situation (Chaidez, 2015).
? Wardsworth (2001) argues that a motivational effect influence changes in the employment and the crime rate. According to him, the larger the number of jobless people increases the more the motivational effect among the unemployed. This is because many of them are unable to cope with the economic stress. Sandra et al. (2015) carried out research on the effects of unemployment on the crime rate in the United States. Their research focused on inequality, unemployment, and crime. It made a cross-sectional analysis of the three variables and found out that the three are interrelated and impacts negatively on the economy of a country.
? Wordsworth (2007) worked on a dissertation that carried out a multi-level analysis of the relationship between work and crime. He noted that work and crime are directly proportional and therefore, a country that has numerous job opportunities experience a low level of crime and vice versa. The dissertation made an analysis of the effects of work on crime. Work keeps people busy and they have no time to engage in criminal activities since the focus of the working population is to improve their performance and grow in their career fields (Alme?n&Nordin, 2011).
(b) Theoretical Foundations
This section will look into the theories and models that would be used as a basis and foundation of the study. Becker (1968) used a simple cost-benefit analysis that Ehrlich used in his ?Market model? to relate the availability of job opportunities and crime.
On the other hand, Britt (1994) utilized the opportunity theory and motivational theory to relate the two.
(c) Review of Literature Topics
This section highlights the areas with key theme for topic of study, these include:
? The opportunity cost of Crime- According to Ehrlich (1973) opportunity costs was later included in the model that he had created to explain the relationship between crime and unemployment.
? Macro-level analysis- Cantor and Land (1985) use consumption and production to explain the link between crime and unemployment.
? Comfort is every person?s want-The motivational theory by Britt (1994) suggests that if unemployment increases many more people may not cope with being poorer and this result to increased crime rate.
? Employment may deter one from committing a crime-According Sandra A. et al. (2015) inequality increases as unemployment rates rise therefore crime rate increases too.
? According to Freeman (2011), there are several other variables could contribute to the causal relationship between unemployment rate and crime cases increase.
(d) Summary: There have been so many research studies made to relate the effects of unemployment on crime rates. However, very few studies have tried to correlate the relationship between unemployment of youth within the ages of 18 and 30 and the increase in anti-social crimes such as rape. This study would go into detail on whether social factors such as the age of the unemployed influences their likelihood to commit anti-social crimes. Many studies have dealt with economic crimes since economic theory can be used to explain the phenomena unlike when it comes to anti-social crimes.
3. Problem Statement
It is not known whether the rise in anti-social crimes is related to the high unemployment rate of the young people between the ages of 18 and 30. This study will focus on collecting data to analyze this subject and come up with recommendations to curb the same.
4. Sample and location: The sample size will be 150 cases that have occurred in the Queens area of New York. The cases would exclusively look into reported anti-social cases such as rape committed by unemployed youth between the years of 2001 and 2005.
5. Research Question:
Is unemployment of the youth a factor that influences the high rate of anti-social crimes that take place in Queens?
6. Hypothesis:
Alternate: There is a relationship between the unemployment rate of the youth and the high rate of anti-social crimes.
Null: There is no relationship between the unemployment rate of the youth and the rate of anti-social crimes.
Variables
Independent variable: The high rate of anti-social crimes is an independent variable since these crimes can be committed by both the employed and the unemployed.
Dependent variable: Unemployment rate is dependent on many economic and social factors and therefore a dependent variable.
7. Methodology and design: The study will employ a quantitative methodology.
8. Purpose statement: The study will analyze the relationship between unemployment of the younger generation and the high rate of anti-social and disruptive crimes.
9. Data Collection: Structured questionnaires and surveys would be used to collect information from police personnel on their opinion on the topic. Primary data will be collected from previous reported anti-social crimes over the years of 2001 and 2005.
10. Data Analysis: Time series analysis will be conducted to compare the differences in the anti-social crimes between the years of 2001-2005.Frequency analysis and descriptive statistical analysis will be conducted to evaluate the data and provide evidence to the hypotheses. Using a quantitative research design would enable the variables to be measurable and the analysis more comprehensive.
References
Alme?n, D., &Nordin, M. (2011). Long-term unemployment and violent crimes: Using post-2000 data to reinvestigate the relationship between unemployment and crime. Lund: Dep. of Economics, Lund University.
Britt, C. L. (1994). Crime and Unemployment among Youths in the United States, 1958-1990.American Journal of Economics and Sociology, 53(1), 99-109.
doi:10.1111/j.1536-7150.1994.tb02680.
Cantor, D., &Land, C. (1985). Unemployment and crime rates in the Post-World War Two United States.American Sociological Review, 50, 317-332.
Chaidez, L. (2015). Essays on Crime, Unemployment, and Health(Doctoral dissertation). Retrieved from http://escholarship.org/uc/item/0021q7dw
Dressler, J. (2002). Encyclopedia of crime & justice. New York, NY: Macmillan.
Ehrlich, I. (1996). Crime, punishment and the market for offenses. The Journal of Economic Perspectives, 1(10), 360-366.
Elliott, C., &Ellingworth, D. (1998). Exploring the relationship between unemployment and property crime. Applied Economics Letters, 5(8), 527-530. doi:10.1080/135048598354483
Freeman, R. B. (2011). Crime and the Employment of Disadvantaged Youths. Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research.
MacDonald, Z. (2000). The impact of under-reporting on the relationship between unemployment and property crime.Applied Economics Letters, 7(10), 659-663.
doi:10.1080/135048500415978

Details:
In the prospectus, proposal and dissertation there are ten key or strategic points that need to be clear, simple, correct, and aligned to ensure the research is doable, valuable, and credible. These points, which provide a guide or vision for the research. The ten strategic points emerge from researching literature on a topic, which is based on or aligned with, the defined need in the literature as well as the researcher’s personal passion, future career purpose, and degree area. Previously, you drafted the ten strategic points for a potential dissertation research study based on an identified gap in the literature. In this assignment, you will practice the doctoral dispositions of valuing, accepting, and integrating feedback and reflecting on those inputs as you revise your draft of the ten strategic points created in the preceding assignment.
General Requirements:
Use the following information to ensure successful completion of the assignment:
Important note: Successful completion of this assignment does not indicate that this topic and the related 10 Strategic Points have been approved for use as your dissertation research study topic.
Locate the draft of the 10 Strategic Points that you created in the preceding assignment use APA style for their writing assignments. You are required to submit this assignment to Turnitin. Refer to the directions in the Student Success Center.
Directions:
The draft of the 10 Strategic Points that you previously completed. Integrate that feedback as well as your own new ideas into a revised draft the 10 Strategic Points for the potential dissertation research study.

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