Chapter 6: The Native AmericansÂ Â
From this chapter, it is evident of the historical interactions of the Native Americans and the Europeans. The interactions of the two groups took place in the form of colonization as the natives resisted the rule of the Europeans. Majority of the land held by the natives was taken away by the colonialists. The Europeans brought new cultures, food and disease from Europe such as plagues. Essentially legislation was enacted to ensure that the natives were subjected to fall under the rule of the European governments (Schaefer, 25). Such legislation ensured segregation by the establishment of reserves, which the natives were hurdled and contained in by the colonialists. Segregation is the main issue in this topic; it is defined as subjection of a community to confinement within a certain region. This has enabled me to understand of the issues, which were in existence, in the settling of the Europeans, and the discrimination the Native Americans faced.
Chapter 7: The Making of African Americans in a White AmericaÂ Â
The African Americans first arrived as slaves aboard merchant ships from Africa. However, with time they were able to assimilate themselves into the larger American population as they fought for equality in the American society. The fight for equality was due to the presence of white privilege emanating from consideration of the black community as inferior to the white community (Schaefer, 35). The whites possessed the ability to access social amenities as well as exercise liberties, which the black community were prohibited, from accessing and exercising (Henderson, & Thompson, 51).
Racism was the main issue in this chapter. It has enabled me to understand of the road towards equality and the fight against racial prejudice for the black community. Racism is the profiling of people and treatment of the same discriminatively in a manner to degrade their race. All of this is based on skin color.
Chapter 8: African Americans TodayÂ Â
Segregation was a result of the superiority complex, which was in existence, in the white community. They sought to do so with an aim of ensuring that the black people were unaware that they possessed the ability to exercise individual and equal liberties similar to the white community. Segregation translated to access to poor services, inadequate or lack of education, and low class employment. This is because high quality services, employment were a preserve for the white community (Schaefer, 41).
Discrimination is defined as an act of bias towards a person, community, element with the need to ensure that favored party attains a certain goal or objective. From this chapter, I have learnt of the existent of discrimination, which the black community has endured over the years since the advent of slavery.
Chapter 9: Hispanic AmericansÂ Â
The Hispanic community constitutes a large part of the American society. Essentially Hispanics have a strong attachment towards their family members and loved ones. They exist in large groups of relatives and close members to ensure that they provide for their families as well as ensure the protection of the families. They have unity among themselves unlike other ethnicities, which are characterized by the presence of divisions and hatred. Unity is a vital aspect necessary in a community or a family setting. It is defined as harmony or agreement between two more parties in terms or views or values. I have been able to understand of the need for unity in the modern family setting as well as the community to enhance interactions and communication.
Chapter 10: Mexican Americans and Puerto RicansÂ Â
Mexican Americans and Puerto Ricans have been subjected to identical treatment in that they are considered as part of the larger Latina community (Henderson, & Thompson, 59). They essentially have identical family values and structures. I have also been able to understand of the diversity among the Latina community in terms of their nationalities cultures and ethnicities (Schaefer, 53).
Chapter 11: Muslim and Arab Americans: Diverse MinoritiesÂ Â
This chapter focuses on the existent differences between Arabs and the Muslim Americans even though of the consideration that these two groups are ideally identical. Essentially some American Muslims are not of Arab descent whereas some Arabs are not Muslims. The two groupings have been stigmatized by the societies based on orientalism. The differences identified have enabled me to understand of the presence of diversity and open mindedness (Lin, & David, 56).
Chapter 12: Asian Americans: Growth and DiversityÂ Â
In this chapter, the author explores the image of Asian Americans in the society as the ideal minority grouping. This group of people has diversity in terms of culture and ethnicities as they are spread from various countries in Asia (Schaefer, 69). Diversity is defined as the presence of differences in terms of the values and cultures between ethnicities. I have been able to understand that Asians are diverse in terms of their culture and values.
Chapter 13: Chinese Americans and Japanese AmericansÂ Â
The Japanese and Chinese minorities of the Asian grouping have been exposed to different levels of experiences in the American society (Schaefer, 25). For instance, the Japanese were subjected to discrimination in terms of treatment and segregation during the Second World War when Japan and amerce were at war. On the other hand, the Chinese have been in existence in the American society for a long time establishing Chinese zones, which have been attributed with both negative and positive aspects in the society (Lin, & David, 56).
Chapter 14: Jewish Americans: Quest to Maintain IdentityÂ Â
Jewish Americans have been able to establish solidarity in terms of their ability to ensure that maintain their subordinate statuses (Schaefer, 72). The chapter explores the definition of Jewish identity and the modernization of the Jewish people. The chapter also explores the various aspects of Jewish society in terms of education, religion, business and political activity (Henderson, & Thompson, 65).
Chapter 15: Women: The Oppressed MajorityÂ Â
Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Women numerically constitute the largest gender group in society. However, they are subjected to discrimination due to their gender as well as due to the presence of male privilege, which considers men as superior to women. He provides evidence of the marginalization of women through the presence of womenâ€™s movements in the fight for equality, in terms of access to the various resources, social amenities and education. In equality in terms of gender means the ability of a given gender, to have access to the variety of social services and amenities. Gender privileges are defined as accrual of benefits both consciously and consciously due to belonging to a certain gender. I have learnt of inequality, which is in existence in the modern world between genders (Schaefer, 85).
Henderson, George, & Thompson D. Olasiji. Migrants, Immigrants, and Slaves: Racial and Ethnic Groups in America. Lanham, Md: University Press of America, 1995. Print
Lin, Ann C, & David R. Harris. The Colors of Poverty: Why Racial and Ethnic Disparities Persist. New York: Russell Sage Foundation, 2008. Print
Schaefer, Richard T. Racial and Ethnic Groups. Boston: Little, Brown, 1979. Print.