Analyze the leadership elements of a famous military leader. The military leader you select should provide enough information for you to assess his leadership based on the following leadership elements covered in previous leadership classes: Behavioral Theory (Managerial Grid), Transformational / Transactional theory, Situational Theory, Adaptive Leadership
Provide specific examples of how this leader exemplifies the characteristics and factors of what you learned in class. Include any and all references (minimum of three scholarly sources) .
Presentation and Written Analysis
1. Analysis: Prepare an informational brief (approximately 10 minutes) analyzing the leadership elements of a famous military leader. The military leader you select should provide enough information for you to assess his leadership based on the following leadership elements covered in previous leadership classes:
? Behavioral Theory (Managerial Grid)
? Transformational / Transactional theory
? Situational Theory
? Adaptive Leadership
? Select a world/military leader where information can be found to support the intent of the assignment
? Set up equipment, visual aids and room as necessary
? Present a 10-minute information brief with visual aids (no more than two to three slides ? maximum)
? The presentation will determine 40% of your project grade
? Written Essay:
? Develop a short essay (no more than 1500 words) in the leadership of your selected world/military leader.
? Provide specific examples of how this leader exemplifies the characteristics and factors of what you learned in class. Include any and all references (minimum of three scholarly sources)
? The written essay will determine 60% of your project grade
NOTE: The military leader leadership elements Cadets will analyze are:
? Behavioral Theory (Managerial Grid)
The Managerial Grid
? Team Manager â€“ this is considered the ?perfect score? on the leadership grid as far as a management style. Work accomplishment comes from committed people; this leadership style imbues interdependence through a ?common stake? and ?purpose? among team members that leads to relationships, trust and respect.
? Task Manager â€“ key words that describe this management style are ?control? and ?dominate.? This style is often called Dictatorial.
? Country Club Manager â€“ this style of management is known to ?yield? and ?comply.? This leadership style imbue thoughtful attention to people?s needs with hopes of satisfying team member relationships. This style is often referred to as Accommodating.
? Middle-of-the-Road Manager â€“ this manager focuses on ?balance? and ?compromise.? This style is often referred to as a Compromising approach.
? Impoverished Manager â€“ this manager exerts the minimum effort needed to get required work done. This manager only does what?s required to sustain organization membership. This style is often indifferent to the work and people with an approach to evade and elude extra work as well as any additional interaction with subordinates.
? Transformational / Transactional theory
Transactional Leadership is based upon the following:
? Task Focused
? Motivated by rewards and punishment
o Success is rewarded
o Failure is punished
o Quid Pro Quo
? Focus on short term tasks
? This Style of Leader:
o Provides guidance and oversight
o Oversees productivity in detail
o Is more managing than leading
o Is common in many organizations
Transformation Leadership is based upon the following:
? People Focused
? Applies the premise that people will follow leaders that inspire and motivate them
? Focused on long term goals
? Leader motivates and inspires by:
o Developing and selling a compelling vision
o Developing relationships with followers
o Acting as teacher, mentor, and coach
? Molds organization into a cohesive team
? Situational Theory
? A theory based on how people respond to working and being led in groups
? Focuses on two key assumptions:
o Task Behavior: amount of guidance and direction provided
o Relationship Behavior: amount of social and emotional support provided
? Proposes the environment and readiness of followers helps leader identify what style of leadership should be applied
? Based on how people respond to working and being led in groups
? Adaptive Leadership
Adaptive Leadership Characteristics:
? Confident: This is the characteristic of a leader who is certain either that an idea or solution is correct or that a chosen course of action is the best or most effective. Confidence can be a self-fulfilling prophecy as those without it may fail or not try because they lack it and those with it may succeed because they have it rather than because of an innate ability.
? Resilient: This is a characteristic of a leader who is able to become strong, healthy, or successful again after something bad happens
? Open or Curious: These leaders have no enclosing or confining barriers and are accessible on all or nearly all sides having a desire to learn or know more about many things and many people
? Driven: These leaders have a compulsive or urgent quality propelled or motivated by something internal to themselves
? Tolerant: These leaders are willing to accept feelings, habits, or beliefs that are different from their own as long as they do not counter-act the Army?s core values
? Self Aware: These are leaders who are characterized by self-awareness and are able to accept their weaknesses and utilize their strengths for the common good
? Risk Taker: These are leaders who are willing to engage in behaviors that have the potential to be harmful or dangerous if the risk is acceptable and it will accomplish the mission
? Proactive: These are leaders who take the initiative to control a situation by making things happen in the present or by doing things to prepare for possible future problems / issues
? Problem Solver/Critical Thinker: These are leaders who use generic or ad hoc methods, in an orderly manner, for finding solutions to problems; this is often a process that leads to skills that can be learned, mastered and used and can result in reasoned conclusions based on a reasoned process.
? Great Communicator: These are leaders who effectively give information to others on a variety of subjects by either speaking or writing to them with the goal of getting them to understand their thoughts or feelings
? Tactically and technically proficient: These are leaders who have the tactical and technical skills required for proficiency and mastery of all aspects of their job with the specific skills demonstrated by superior performance on a consistent basis.
? Change agent: These are leaders who are champions of change and encourage people under their supervision to change their behavior or opinions on specific topics or issues
Adaptive Leadership Factors:
? Know yourself and your Soldiers ? one of the keys of becoming more adaptable is knowing yourself and the Soldiers you will lead
? Understand your strengths, weaknesses, experiences, and knowledge and that of your Soldiers
? Know your Soldiers/units, skills/abilities, and motivation
? Know and understand your mission and Commander?s intent
? The work environment you are part of
? Education and experience of the leader and the Soldiers he/she leads
? Deciding the timing of when to adapt
? How you communicate with others your intent to adapt
? Results and lessons learned in regards to future missions
? Napoleon (1769 ? 1821) â€“ As Emperor of France 1804-1815, Napoleonâ€™s forces swept across Europe, gaining a hegemony over most of Europe. In many battles, Napoleon overcame numerical inferiority through use of tactics.
? Alexander the Great (356 ? 323 BC) â€“ As King of Macedonia, he established an Empire from the Ionian Sea to the Himalayas in India. Alexander the Great remained undefeated in battle.
? Genghis Khan (1162 ? 1227) â€“ From humble beginnings, Genghis Khan conquered Mongolia and China and then created an Empire stretching into Central Europe. His Mongol hordes were unstoppable
? Akbar (1542 ? 1605) â€“ The third Mughal Emperor, Akbar consolidated his Empire across India, through a series of striking military victories, in the early part of his reign, creating one of most affluent empires of the age
? Constantine the Great (272 ? 337) â€“ Constantine served as Roman emperor from 306 to 337. He successfully defeated both internal rebellions and consolidated the Roman Empire defeating the Franks, Alamanni, Visigoths, and Sarmatians
? Winston Churchill (1874 â€“ 1965) â€“ Winston Churchill became Prime Minister in May 1940, when Great Britain alone stood against Hitler. With stirring speeches, Churchill rallied the population and quashed those who wanted to make a deal with Hitler.
? General Patton (1885 ? 1945) ? U.S. Commander during the Second World War, Patton distinguished himself in Africa, Sicily and in the liberation of Frances â€“ especially during the Battle of the Bulge.
? Joan of Arc (1412-1431) â€“ The patron saint of France, Joan of Arc inspired a French revolt against the occupation of the English. An unlikely heroine; at the age of just 17, the diminutive Joan successfully led the French to victory at Orleans. Her later trial and martyrdom only heightened her mystique.
? Elizabeth I (1533-1603) â€“ Queen of England during a time of great economic and social change, she saw England cemented as a Protestant country. During her reign she witnessed the defeat of the Spanish Armada leaving Britain to later become one of the world?s dominant superpowers.
? Catherine the Great (1729-1796) â€“ One of the greatest political leaders of the Eighteenth Century. Catherine the great was said to have played an important role in improving the lot of the Russian serfs. She placed great emphasis on the arts and helped to cement Russia as one of the dominant countries in Europe
? Ataturk (1881 ? 1938) â€“ Turkish general, reformist statesman, and first President of Turkey. In First World War he helped defeat Allied forces at Gallipoli
? Atilla the Hun (406 ? 453) â€“ Attila the Hun, was King of the Huns, his Army was formidable and created an empire stretching from the Rhine to the frontiers of China
? Boudicca (30AD -) â€“ Led Britons in revolt against Roman rule. Initially very successful in revolt before being defeated at the Battle of Watling Street
? Charlemagne (748 â€“ 812) â€“ Expanded the Frankish kingdoms to unite much of Europe (France, Germany and Italy) under one rule.
? Saladin (1138-1193) â€“ Defeated European Crusaders. Became well respected by even his adversaries
? George Washington (1732-1799) â€“ Military campaigner of American forces in the war of Independence.
? Duke of Wellington (1769 â€“ 1852) â€“ British Commander defeating Napoleon at the Battle of Waterloo in 1815
? Bernard Montgomery (1887 ? 1976) â€“ British General who helped turned the tide of the Second World War at the Battle of El Alamein
? Robert the Bruce (1274 ? 1329) â€“ Fought the English during the Scottish wars of independence, gaining the right to become King of an independent Scotland
NOTE: This is not an all-inclusive world leader list, and you are more than welcome to pick someon not on this list. You must receive approval from instructor.
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